Optical Testing

Dayton T. Brown, Inc.’s optical testing lab has worked with a vast amount of products, such as transparent armor, night vision goggles, and laser visors.

Every object affects or interprets light differently, so appropriate and accurate measurements are needed in order to determine how much light is being produced by a source or cast upon an object. This can be measured with respect to power requirements, as well as how the human eye interprets that light.

Some of the photometric and optometric properties that we measure include haze and transmittance, as well as optical distortion and deviation. We also measure optometric properties of prismatic deviation and spherical and cylindrical powers.

Optical Testing


img-description img-description Light Sources

Light Sources

Light sources can be characterized according to their wavelength spectrum as either narrow- or broad-banded. For example, atomic resonance lamps, such as sodium or mercury, emit light only at certain wavelengths.

The spectral bandwidth of light at each atomic line is generally very narrow. Lasers are effectively monochromatic (single wavelength), while arc lamps, such as xenon, carbon arc, and incandescent lamps, emit over a very broad wavelength range with few spectral features.

One useful measurement of light sources is luminous intensity or candela (CD = LM/SR).

Candela is the foundation unit for the measurement of visible light. It is the luminous intensity in a given direction of a source that emits light that has a wavelength of approximately 555 nm (yellowish-green) and a radiant intensity in that direction of 1/683 Watt per steradian.

The candela value is independent of distance. One can think of it as the emission from a lamp without any interest in what happens to the photons that it has ejected. Candela is frequently used when dealing with focused light for LEDs, flashlights, or spots.

img-description img-description Optical Specifications

Optical Specifications

DTB can provide testing in accordance with many optical specifications, such as ATPD-2352 for transparent armor and ASTM D 1003 for transmittance and haze. A summary of the relevant optical specifications is listed below:

  • Luminous transmittance, per ASTM D 1003, ATPD-2352 4.4.1, PMA202-07001, MIL-DTL-62420, ASTM F 659, ANSI/SAE Z26.1, and ASTM F 1915
  • Photopic, scotopic, and night vision goggle response functions
  • Standardized light sources A and C
  • Haze, per ASTM D 1003, ATPD-2352 4.4.2, PMA202-07001, ASTM F 659, and ANSI/SAE Z26.1
  • Taber surface abrasion resistance testing for interior and exterior (threat surface) wear, per ATPD-2352 4.3.6, ANSI/SAE Z26.1, and ASTM D 1044
  • Optical deviation, per ATPD-2352 4.4.3, ASTM F 801, and MIL-DTL-62420
  • Optical distortion, per ATPD-2352 4.4.4 and ASTM D 2156
  • Prismatic deviation, per PMA202-07001 and ASTM F 659
  • Spherical and cylindrical power, per PMA202-07001, ASTM F 659, and MIL-DTL-62420

img-description img-description Light Analyzer

Light Analyzer

DTB’s light analyzer (Spectrophotometer) is an integrated system designed to measure luminous transmittance, as well as haze, with respect to both A and C illuminants.

To measure the illuminance/luminance of an object, our Spectrophotometer can be employed to take information from multiple photometric or radiometric detectors across the surface of an object.

img-description img-description A2LA Accredited

A2LA Accredited

DTB’s testing lab is A2LA accredited (Cert. Nos. 0767.01, 0767.02, and 0767.03) and provides the latest in testing equipment and environments. Our experienced personnel can provide the level of professionalism required for reliable results.

  • Optical testing
  • ASTM F 801-96, ASTM F 2156-06, ASTM D 1003-00, ASTM D 1044-08, and ATPD-2352R, Sections 4.4.1, 4.4.1.1, 4.4.2, 4.4.3, and 4.4.4
  • Abrasion
  • ANSI/SAE Z26.1.1-1996, Sections 5.17 and 5.18, and ATPD-2352R, Sections 3.3.6 and 4.3.6